Curt Landry, in his message Understanding Israel and the Church – How Five Major Christian Streams View Zion discusses the different streams of theology that flow into the land of Israel.
▪ Replacement Theology (also known as Fulfillment Theology, or Supersessionism) is a Christian theological comparison of the Church at large, in relation to the Jewish people, Judaism, and the Nation of Israel. Its basic tenets hold that the New Covenant has replaced, or superseded, the Mosaic Covenant—that is, the Christian Church has inherited and/or replaced the Israelites as the chosen people of God.
▪ Dual-Covenant Theology (also known as Two-Covenant Theology) a theological idea that questions the relevance of the Tanakh—the Hebrew Bible (the Old Testament). These Christians believe that the New Covenant (the New Testament) has replaced the Old Covenant (the Old Testament). Dual-Covenant Theology Christians hold to the unique belief that the Old Covenant is valid only for the House of Israel—the Jews—while the New Covenant applies only to non-Jewish people—the Gentiles.
▪ Messianic Jewish Theology (more modernly, the Messianic Movement) studies both the Old and New Testaments as their authoritative scriptures. This theology maintains that Jesus—Yeshua—is the Jewish Messiah, and followers continue to practice Judaism and Jewish traditions. Messianic Jewish Theology holds the basic tenet that Israel remains Israel and that the Nations remain the Nations, Jews remain Jews and Gentiles remain Gentiles. As a result of this separation, most Messianic congregations refer to Believers as either Jewish or Gentile—Messianic Jews are of Jewish descent, and Gentile Believers are of non-Jewish descent.
▪ Two-House Theology (or the Ephraimite Movement) believes that Christians are members of the ‘lost tribes’ of Israel. The two houses are represented by: 1) Ephraim, which refers to the Northern Kingdom of Israel, and represents the Christian Church, and 2) Judah, which represents the Jews. This theology is based upon an interpretation of Ezekiel 37:15-28 and Jeremiah 31:31. Two-House Theology maintains that eventually the ‘lost tribes’ (the Church) will one day be reunited with the house of Judah when the New Covenant is fully recognized and accepted by both houses.
Proponents of this movement contend that members of the “born again” segment of the Christian church are, in fact, actual blood descendants of the ancient Israelites who were exiled in the Assyrian invasion of Israel in 722 B.C.E.
▪ One New Man Theology (the One New Man Movement) focuses on a covenant restoration between Jew and Gentile through the salvation message of the Messiah, Yeshua (Jesus), thus creating a fullness of unity between Believers in the Abrahamic God. One New Man Theology is centered around Ephesians 2:14-16, which says, “…so as to create in Himself one new man from the two…” The two distinct people groups spoken of in this text are Jews and Gentiles, who are in unity, one in Yeshua.
Curt Landry challenges the congregation to decide the group in which they will identify.
- If you change the characters in the book then you change the author.
- It’s amazing how the truth is very simple to understand.
- My assignment is just to bring the information to you, so that you can make a choice.